Saturday, May 21, 2016

Five Tips for making your Hot Wheels Car Faster

Wondering how to make your Hot Wheels car faster? Here are 5 tips that can help you do just that. Some can be done quickly and easily to your car, but some will require that you take your car apart. If you need help with that, check out Ten Tips for Customizing Hot Wheels.


Speed Tip #1 - Adding Weight

Adding weight to your car will help your car maintain its speed by increasing its momentum. If you remember back to science class, potential energy is based on gravity, height, and weight. Since it’s the same gravity pulling the cars down the track, and each car starts out at the same height, it’s the weight that you need to change. By adding weight, you gain an advantage because you increase the car’s potential energy. In a perfect world, all that potential energy would turn into kinetic energy as the car raced down the hill, and remember, kinetic energy is the energy of speed.


But we don’t live in a perfect world, we have forces that are trying to stop your car. Forces like friction and the car bumping back and forth to name a few. That is where momentum comes into play. Again, remember Bill Nye back in science class…”Inertia is a property of matter”...



Well, the law of inertia says that an object in motion, stays in motion unless acted on by an outside force. There are forces trying to stop your car. I like to describe momentum as an objects ability to overcome the forces that are trying to stop it. The greater the momentum, the more successful the object is in overcoming those forces, keeping its speed, and going farther. Momentum is based on two things, speed and weight. By increasing the car’s weight, you are directly increasing its momentum.

Lead fishing weights are a good source of weight that come in lots of different sizes.


The smallest ones are great to pack into all the small places. If you’re not to worried about looks, you can put larger weights in the back seats, the front seats, or get rid of the seats altogether and load that thing up with weight. To keep the weights in place you can use JB Kwik Weld to glue them in place. Another way to keep them in place is to use modeling clay. Clay is another easy and great way to add weight. You can squish it into all the empty space in the car. Just keep it clear of the wheels.

Speed Tip #2 - Using Graphite

Continuing our science lesson from above, the major force trying to slow your car down is friction. The rest of the speed tips all have to do with reducing friction. One way to reduce friction is to add a lubricant. We use these in real cars all the time, but in our real cars, we use liquid lubricants like oil and grease. Liquid lubricants work great in our real cars, but they are not as good for small parts. They have a tendency to pick up small particles, hair, dust, etc. and “gunk up” small moving parts, having the total opposite effect. For small moving parts - like those found in Hot Wheels, dry lubricants work great. Graphite is just such a lubricant.


Using graphite on the wheels and axles of your car can help it go faster. The graphite will reduce friction and keep your wheels rolling smoothly and fast.

Speed Tip #3 - Using FTEs

Using cars with Faster than Ever (or FTE) wheels and axles definitely helps in the speed department. While the wheel is a good wheel, it’s not what makes the car fast. It’s the axle. The Faster than Ever axle is nickel-plated. The nickel-plating gives the axle an extra smooth finish. And smooth means less friction. Which is the number one enemy of speed. 


Faster than Ever cars were released in 2005-2006. They also showed up in 2009-2010. There were Faster than Ever cars released in 2011-12 as well, but they are usually called Faster than Ever 2 and have different wheels.

So if you are already using a Faster than Ever car, use the rest of the speed tips and you’re going to have a pretty fast car. If your car doesn’t have Faster than Ever wheels and axles, consider swapping your car’s wheels and axles for some FTEs.


For help on swapping wheels and axles, check out Ten Tips for Customizing Hot Wheels.

Speed Tip #4 - Polish the axles

Another thing you can do to help your Hot Wheels car be faster is to polish the axles. Even if you are using FTE axles, a good polish can help. You can find “Axle polish” out there, popular on the Pinewood Derby sites, but it’s just metal polish. Just find a good metal polish, apply it to the axle as per the instructions on the polish, and then buff it with a Dremal or drill using a soft cloth buffing tool. Make sure you slide the wheels to one end of the axle and hold them so as not to hit them while you are buffing. Try to keep the polish off the wheels.


Once you are done, slide the wheels to the other side of the axle and polish the other side. By polishing the axles, you will be reducing friction and helping your Hot Wheels car go faster.

Speed Tip #5 - Polish the chassis

As the car is rolling down the track, the wheels will either be rubbing on the pin head part of the axle, or on the chassis. Whenever two parts are rubbing together there is friction. And remember, friction is the enemy of speed. If you have done tip #4 and polished the axle, then hopefully you’ve helped reduce the friction on the pin head part of the axle. Now for the chassis. There are two kinds of chassis, metal and plastic. Most of the metal chassis are not that smooth. Many of the metal chassis have a ridge from the mold that cuts right along where the wheel touches the chassis.

Notice the ridge on both the metal and plastic chassis.
To help increase your Hot Wheel’s speed, you want to polish the chassis. First take a small file and smooth out any ridges or rough spots on your chassis where the wheel will touch it. Basically all around where the axle sticks out from the chassis.


Once you’ve filed down all the larger rough stuff, you’re going to start sanding using various grits of wet/dry sandpaper. Start out with some 400 grit, wet sanding the chassis. Next move up to 600 grit, then 1000, then 1200, and so on until you reach the finest sandpaper you can find, hopefully 2500. You can do it by hand, but I like to use a Dremel. I cut the sandpaper into small circles and poke a hole in it. Then I attach it to my Dremel and away I go.


If you have a plastic chassis, unless it has a ridge from the mold or something, it should be pretty smooth. You won’t need to do as much sanding as you do with a metal chassis. You can probably just start wet sanding with pretty fine sandpaper, say 2000 or 2500. Another thing you can use is a polish made specifically for plastic. You can also get a pretty smooth glossy finish on the plastic using a wax made specifically for plastic.



Just remember, the whole idea is to reduce friction, so whatever you can do to make things smoother will reduce that friction and make your car faster.

What do you think? Do you have any tips to help make your Hot Wheels car faster. Share them with us in the comments below. See ya in lane 2!

For more detailed help on making your Hot Wheels cars really fast, check out our Speed Tips!


82 comments:

  1. We glued the axles to the body so it will not follow the wheels when turning. We also change the angles of the rear wheels. Wish I could elaborate more but my vocabularies are limited. Feel free to contact me and I can show you how we do it if you are interested that is. Great post. Just knew the dry lubricant today 😁

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. how do u glue the axle without unrivet the hotwheels cars

      Delete
    2. https://houseof164.com/collections/customizing-tools/products/customizing-kit

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  2. What size wire is used to make FTE axles and who has it?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Faster than ever wheels are not fast wheels. Hot ones are by far the fastest wheel type. Mainly bc of the nickel plated axels associated with them.I'll put up my top 5 HO cars vs any FTE car....I guarantee my HO wins everytime.Also weight slows a car down over a longer track. Added weight hurts in a longer race. The steepness of the angle is very important, more important than weight. My HO cars generally go 1.68 seconds for 20ft

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Absolutely right. Kinetic energy relies on weight, but speed doesn't, because

      mgh = 1/2 mv^2

      so

      v = sqrt(2gh)

      Moreover weight increase friction.
      Science docet!

      Delete
    2. HO cars can be very fast, in fact, The HO Ford Fairmont kind of rules the stock class here at Diecast 64. Check out this video from last year. The final (starting at about 21:15) is all HO Fairmonts. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=56XBXwf9hwI&t=47s
      However, I would argue that it's not because of nickel plated axles that they are faster than FTE cars. In the post I mentioned that FTEs also have nickel plated axles. I think it has more to do with the smaller diameter axles of the HO cars. For more on this check out my article on pg. 84 of this issue of Diecast 64 Magazine. https://newsstand.joomag.com/en/diecast-64-magazine-july-2018/0694911001528698548
      As for weight, it definitely does increase friction, however, if you have good axles, or have done some modifying and polished the axles well, the benefits of extra weight outweigh (haha, pun intended) the friction problem. Check out our Heavyweight feature race for the same month as the stock link above with the HO Fairmonts and compare. The Heavyweight cars had extra weight added to them, a lot of extra weight. The winning HO Fairmont won with a scale speed of 412 MPH, the Heavyweight car on the same track won with a scale speed of 421 MPH! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1UkV0wKa4s&t=243s
      The potential and kinetic energy equations do show that velocity doesn't depend on weight. For any given height, there will be a maximum velocity that anything rolling down the hill can have. In Hot Wheels racing, all cars have the same maximum velocity they can achieve...sort of...actually some car's center of gravity is higher at the start making that car's possible maximum velocity higher...but if two cars have their center of gravity in the same place at the start and roll down the hill, the car that slows down the least will be the winner. IF you have negated the extra friction that can occur with more weight by having very good axles or have polished them, then the extra weight will give you more momentum, more kinetic energy, and a greater ability to keep your speed as you race down the hill.

      By the way "nothingness"...We would love to have you racing with some of those fast HO cars here at Diecast 64. Hope to see ya in lane 2! :)

      Delete
  4. How can I get faster than ever wheels and axles

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  5. i really liked that you did to share how to make cars faster. I have a hot wheels that has fte wheels and it is one of my fastest cars on the six lane raceway! Maybe you could do one for 3dbotmakers tracks as well?

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